All Ancient DNA Dataset

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    • #27555
      Carlos Quiles

      Announcements of changes to the compiled dataset of Y-DNA and mtDNA data for reported ancient samples, including analyses of BAM files, nomenclature, culture labelling, etc.

      Official site for different formats is at

      Ancient Y-DNA and mtDNA

      For direct download of the latest version published use

      • This topic was modified 3 weeks, 3 days ago by Carlos Quiles. Reason: sticky, not supersticky
      • This topic was modified 3 weeks, 3 days ago by Carlos Quiles.
    • #27627
      Carlos Quiles

      Files updated to v. 1.89, including newly reported samples from Sardinia and the Mediterranean, as well as some not so recent ones I had missed – Mazovian prince, Early Poles – and some updated SNPs of samples from different published papers.

    • #27825
      Carlos Quiles

      I have updated the file with SNP inferences of samples from Sirak et al. (2019).

      Two very interesting new ones from Late Trypillia and Italy MBA!

      I had to delete update dates and start anew, because the previous ones were all messed up, probably due to messing around with different formats (Excel, CSV, txt).

    • #27888
      Carlos Quiles

      These are some curiously similar SNP inferences around Lake Baikal, apparently N1a1*(xN1a1a), but nevertheless with multiple positives for N1a-L1026 equivalents, showing that this specific lineage (whichever it was) was widespread on both sides of the lake during the Neolithic.

      I14460 Eneolithic Russia (Fofonovo)

      DA345 Ust’-Ida LN

      For some reason, this last one didn’t make its way into YFull.

    • #27889
      Carlos Quiles

      The SNP calls for Villabruna show it is negative for V2219 and L389 subclades (although the L389 level is not covered). I’d say it was more likely of a basal subclade that hasn’t survived to this day.

      Villabruna Palaeolithic Epigravettian

      The question is thus if the associated Epigravettian WHG expansion in Western Europe consisted mainly of this subclade, and V2219-associated peoples expanded in a different (later?) wave into SE Europe, or if it was a common L754-rich migration of which we can only see the effects after regional bottlenecks.

      Sadly, Iboussieres31-2 has a too small coverage to help support any option.


    • #27936
      Carlos Quiles

      I have updated the dataset, including reported Neanderthal and Denisovan Y-DNA (ISOGG only).

      I have also checked out some of the samples of hg. T. I can’t find Genetiker’s reported SNP for the Varna individual. The best I can do (like the original paper) is CT+.

      It’s quite interesting that the R1a-Z93 from the Balkans shows SNP calls similar to the Glăvăneştii one, suggesting that it is an R1a-Z93* sample more closely related to Late Trypillian groups, and thus a potential resurgence event more than a Srubnaya-related migration:

      I have also updated all maps of Y-DNA.

    • #27943
      Carlos Quiles

      Updated with Sicilian Epigravettian, Mesolithic, and Early Neolithic samples from van de Loosdrecht et al. bioRxiv (2020).

    • #27974
      Carlos Quiles

      Version 1.89.13:

      1. I have tested all Baltic Neolithic samples reported as R1b-L754 or P297: all have enough coverage to show they are of basal subclades P297* (xM73, xM269).

      2. I also tried using Skoglund et al. (2014) PMDtools with different thresholds to improve damaged samples:

      Unsuccessful with the Balkan Chalcolithic outlier from Smyadovo: all positive SNPs except BT are excluded, so we are stuck with the more risky: P-, but R+, R1b+, R1b-M269+ results. For some reason (maybe a specific threshold??) the authors assumed that the R-P280 call was acceptable, though.

      Successful with the Samara HG sample: a low threshold (=0.1) confirms one R1b-M73-equivalent SNP, with two negative R1b-M269-equivalent reads, so the most plausible haplogroup seems to be M73, until proven otherwise.

      3. I added samples from Egypt, including two newly reported from the Kurchatov Institute (no clear date or location), also the dubious R1b-M269 from the KV 55 coffin and the mtDNA of Djehutynakht in Loreille et al. (2018).

    • #28188
      Carlos Quiles

      Changes into version 1.89.16 include:

      1. Addition of mtDNA from Ancient mitogenomes show plateau populations from last 5200 years partially contributed to present-day Tibetans, by Ding et al. Proc R Soc B (2020).

      2. Review of SNP inferences of Bronze Age R1b-Z2103 samples, including negative SNPs.

      Now using Yleaf v. 2.2, but I didn’t see any marked differences with previous inferences made with Yleaf v.2.

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